Clarkson College ScholarWorks
The Clarkson College Institutional Repository (IR) is an open-access electronic repository that aims to collect, preserve and disseminate the intellectual output of the Clarkson College community. The institutional repository can include scholarly work from students, faculty, staff, alumni and administration.
Select a community to browse its collections.
Cyberbullying: New Approaches for School Counselors
Cyberbullying has become a well-documented problem plaguing the mental health and safety of teenagers in schools. An examination of the literature that includes other complex social/emotional issues provides a framework for more effective cyberbullying prevention and intervention strategies. This article examines current research, highlights existing misconceptions, and re-frames misguided intervention efforts that have prevented school counselors from effectively addressing cyberbullying. Considering these past mistakes and current misconceptions, this article provides a new philosophy with fresh approaches to cyberbullying for school counselors to accurately and appropriately intervene in schools.
Feasibility and Value of Adding Fluoroscopic Examinations to an Academic Hospital Affiliated Outpatient Imaging Center
Nebraska Medicine has been serving patients from every state in the country as well as 47 countries worldwide since the founding of Clarkson Hospital in 1869. With its main academic campus deeply rooted in the heart of midtown Omaha, Nebraska, Nebraska Medicine has strategically expanded their service region to include a second hospital in Bellevue, Nebraska, multiple primary care clinics located throughout the metropolitan area, and a robust outpatient facility in the Village Pointe area of west Omaha. Located within the outpatient center is an outpatient imaging department equipped with the most up to date imaging equipment. This business plan discusses the feasibility of the addition of an outpatient fluoroscopy service line within this imaging department. The expansion of this service line is assessed through a detailed external and internal environmental scan, market analysis with the identification of the target market, risk assessment, competition analysis, and financial evaluation. Multiple internal strengths and external threats are identified and addressed. The development of a marketing strategy is also discussed. The financial analysis reveals that the significant startup cost lends itself to the potential of financial loss for the first year of operation while the department is not operating at full capacity. It is expected that with a vigorous marketing campaign a new patient population will be captured, and existing patients may be attracted to the convenient outpatient location. The new patients entering the Nebraska Medicine network through referrals to this department could feed into the stream of referrals for other specialty service lines throughout the organization. The qualitative value of this service line cannot be understated while evaluating the financial impact this expansion will have throughout the organization.
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Clinical Setting
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a relatively new imaging modality used to measure the blood oxygen levels in the brain. Task-based and resting-state fMRI are two different methods used. When a specific task is performed, there is an increase in oxygenated blood flow to the active area, providing a map to aid in the resection of a lesion in the brain without damaging vital brain tissue. Resting-state fMRI is done to assess altered connectivity of regions of the brain, specifically for patients with a mental illness. This paper discusses the major uses of fMRI in the clinical setting, including preoperative mapping for brain tumors and assessing the connectivity of networks in the brain for patients suffering from Alzheimer disease and epilepsy. Research and clinical studies have proved that this imaging modality is becoming vital in surgical planning and in predicting postoperative deficits for each patient.
Alzheimer’s Disease: Structural, Functional, and Molecular Imaging
Ever since German physician Alois Alzheimer came across this perplexing disease in 1906, later named after the physician, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is still a mystery today (Alzheimer’s Association, 2016). Over the past century, numerous scientists and inventors have been devoted to finding a cure for this disease (Alzheimer’s Association, 2016). A promising area of research in radiologic neuroimaging procedures may have the potential to be the key to unlocking this mystery. These radiologic neuroimaging procedures can be further divided into structural, functional, and molecular imaging. In regards to structural imaging, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been proven to be the top line research tools used in this ongoing research process. Functional MRI (fMRI) and fluoro-deoxy-d-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG PET) analyze cell activities in functional imaging. Lastly, molecular imaging utilizes PET and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) to follow the course of radioactive tracers to discover chemical changes of the brain in relation to AD. The ability to identify AD through radiographic neuroimaging procedures, monitor it through its progression, and understand the alterations of the brain’s structures are some of the monumental research achievements. Each study performed adds more promising information on how to combat this disease.
Medical 3-D Printing
Conclusion: The radiology department has the opportunity of improving prosthetic implants, surgeries, and medical education by combining diagnostic images with 3-dimensional printing technology. Implants will be cheaper and more attainable. They are more likely to fit the patient and less likely to be rejected. Patients are more likely to be satisfied because of the advancements 3-dimensional printing has to bring to prosthetics. Surgeries will not take as long, risk is prevented, and radiation dose is minimal. Education is progressing and will help patients, students, and healthcare providers.